On this day in 1989, German citizens from both side of the divide, began to tear down the Berlin Wall

On this day in 1989, German citizens from both side of the divide, began to tear down theBerlin Wall.

The Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically dividedBerlin from 1961 to 1989.

Constructed by East Germany, starting on 13 August 1961, the Wall completely cut off West Berlin from surroundingEast Germany and fromEast Berlin until government officials opened it in 1989.

Its demolition officially began on 13 June 1990 and finished in 1992.

The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls accompanied by a wide area later known as the “death strip” that contained anti-vehicle trenches, “fakir beds” and other defenses.

The Eastern Blocportrayed the Wall as protecting its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the “will of the people” in building a socialist state in East Germany.

In practice, the Wall served to prevent the massive emigration and defection that had marked East Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War II period.

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