Amnesty International stated that the trial was “unfair,” and Human Rights Watch judged that Saddam’s execution “follows a flawed trial and marks a significant step away from the rule of law in Iraq.”
Saddam asserted in his defense that he had been unlawfully overthrown, and was still the president of Iraq.
The first trial began before the Iraqi Special Tribunal on 19 October 2005.
A second and separate trial began on 21 August 2006, trying Saddam and six co-defendants for genocide during the Anfal military campaign against the Kurds of northern Iraq.
On 5 November 2006, Saddam was sentenced to death by hanging.
On 26 December, Saddam’s appeal was rejected and the death sentence upheld.
No further appeals were taken and Saddam was ordered executed within 30 days of that date.
The date and place of the execution were secret until the sentence was carried out.
Saddam Hussein was executed by hanging on 30 December 2006.
With his death, all other charges were dropped.