Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction

On this day in 1980, proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction were concluded at The Hague.

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or Hague Abduction Convention is a multilateraltreaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another.

The Convention was concluded 25 October 1980 and entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983.

The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence.

The primary intention of the Convention is to preserve whatever status quo child custody arrangement existed immediately before an alleged wrongful removal or retention thereby deterring a parent from crossing international boundaries in search of a more sympathetic court.

The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16.

As of May 2018, 98 states are party to the convention.

In 2017, Tunisia and Jamaica acceded to the convention.

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