TODAY IN HISTORY

*On this day in 1996, the new Constitution of the republic of South Africa was promulgated by President Nelson Mandela.

The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the country.

It provides the legal foundation for the existence of the republic, sets out the rights and duties of its citizens, and defines the structure of the government.

The current constitution, the country’s fifth, was drawn up by the Parliament elected in 1994 in the first non-racial elections.

It came into effect on 4 February 1997, replacing the Interim Constitution of 1993.

Since 1996, the Constitution has been amended by seventeen amendment acts.

The Constitution is formally entitled the “Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996.” It was previously also numbered as if it were an Act of Parliament—Act No. 108 of 1996—but, since the passage of the Citation of Constitutional Laws Act, neither it nor the acts amending it are allocated act numbers.

*On this day in 1953, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill received the Nobel Prize in literature.

Churchill’s reputation as one of the most influential world leaders of all time among the general public remains high even after he left office.

He was named in the top ten in a 2002 BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons of all time.

However, Churchill’s legacy continues to stir intense debate amongst writers and historians.

According to Allen Packwood, director of the Churchill Archives Centre, even during his own lifetime Churchill was an “incredibly complex, contradictory and larger-than-life human being,” who frequently wrestled with those contradictions.

Notably, his strongly held and outspoken views on race, Judaism and Islam have frequently been highlighted, quoted and strongly criticized.

But to the outside world he was a sort of world savior particularly his volte face and strong opposition against Adolf Hitler during the Second World War.

It was regarded a suicide mission when he declared War on Nazi-Germany but he was unshaken in his resolve and many followed him to war.

It was not surprising he was named Nobel Prize in literature as many felt it was long overdue at the time.

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